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Enterprise cloud solution (1) Multi-cloud management solution

When adopting cloud computing as an enterprise digital transformation support technology, many factors need to be considered. For example: time, cost, supporting innovative business, risk diversification, legal compliance, and protection of key information assets. To fully meet the unique requirements of enterprise IT systems, hybrid cloud and multi-cloud environments are rapidly becoming the new standard for enterprise cloud computing solutions. According to a 2018 study report by RightScale, a total of 81% of surveyed enterprises worldwide are multi-cloud, of which 21% use multiple public clouds and 10% use multiple private clouds (offsite, multi-virtualization, heterogeneous resources, etc.), and hybrid The proportion of clouds is as high as 51%.

While the implementation of multi-cloud architecture in enterprise IT systems brings better IT benefits, it also brings new challenges to enterprise IT management.

Because there is no standard for the current cloud service architecture and API, API integration and conversion are required during application integration, which places higher requirements on the flexibility of integration. Due to the inevitable data migration across clouds, data consistency, New challenges such as low latency have formed; in terms of security, it involves the differences in the security capabilities of various cloud service providers and the company's own security requirements. Multi-cloud security governance issues are often more complex.

In the face of these challenges, Tongniu Information has prepared an enterprise-level multi-cloud management solution with multi-cloud secure access, multi-cloud service management, and multi-cloud application integration as its core in the enterprise's cloud-based integrated solution “toolbox”.

Based on the copper bull network shield with independent intellectual property rights, a cloud-based attack early warning system, and a cloud-based DDOS attack defense system, the best third-party security solutions are integrated to form a comprehensive and multi-layered multi-layered secure access solution. . Deployed at the entrance of Tongniu Cloud and Customer Premises Cloud to provide multi-cloud / hybrid cloud with core application and data security protection and management, and at the same time through security policies and security capabilities provided by other cloud service providers deploying customer applications Evaluate, propose security management strategy recommendations for customers, and strengthen security management and protection in a secure multi-cloud environment.

Tongniu's SpeedWAN can provide faster and more reliable cloud access solutions through optimization at the protocol layer. Data loss or time lag due to link quality during data migration across the cloud is avoided.

The Tongni Multi-cloud Management Platform is used as the cloud entry point for internal applications deployed on the Tongni Cloud platform and the customer resident cloud. The same user interface is used to manage and manage the public cloud from the outside, providing a consistent user experience inside and outside.

The impact of cloud computing technology on enterprise IT is undoubtedly epoch-making, and technological innovations have also fundamentally affected the operation mode and value of the internal IT department of the enterprise. Tongniu's enterprise cloud-based comprehensive solution "toolbox" supports the transformation of enterprise IT system construction from the previous "construction / delivery / operation and maintenance" mode to the "introduction / release / operation" mode, helping enterprise IT departments also move from IT-oriented The service-oriented department of infrastructure construction operation and maintenance has transformed into a strategic-oriented support department oriented to business processes and data services.

The Shanghai Stock Exchange responded to the progress of the science and technology board review inquiry, Lian Zhubiao "ask a real company"

A few days ago, the way of answering the questions from reporters was submitted to the progress of the progress of the science and technology board issuance and review of the inquiry.

One of the key points of the review is the issuer's science and technology attributes and technological advancement. The main contents include at least technical sources, comparative advancement of technology, and the relationship between core technologies and business income. The Exchange believes that the open inquiry-based review is an important mechanism for the issuance and listing review of the science and technology board, and the purpose is to "ask a real company." An inquisition-type inquiry check can prompt the issuer to make a complete and truthful disclosure of the technical authenticity, business authenticity, and financial authenticity.

In the future capital market, leading technology is the core value of technological innovation companies. Tongniu Information has established a comprehensive technical system consisting of network security, cloud computing, access technology, and reliable operation and maintenance technology, which has been established for more than ten years, and has fully demonstrated the company's core value in the field of enterprise-level cloud platforms.

The State Council has determined to strengthen the network capabilities in key areas such as the Industrial Internet, and the capital market has responded significantly.

With the escalating trade friction between China and the United States, uncertain external environment and increasing factors of instability, how China's economy can be stabilized has attracted much attention. The State Council Executive Meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on May 14 deployed two measures: further promote network speed-up and fee reduction to support enterprises to determine measures to give play to the role of enterprises as the main body to enhance innovation capabilities, and promote industrial upgrading.

The meeting decided to speed up network upgrades and expansions as an important focus for expanding effective investment; highlight the enhancement of network capabilities in key areas such as the Industrial Internet, education, and medical care, and increase effective investment efforts. Once the news of the meeting was released, the capital market responded accordingly. Industrial Internet, cloud computing, Internet of Things, network security, and Industry 4.0 are showing upward trends.

The “Science and Technology Innovation Board” is advancing rapidly, and the information industry occupies the mainstream

On the first trading day after the May Day holiday, the Shanghai Stock Exchange also disclosed two accepted companies for listing on the science and technology board, and the rapidly advancing science and technology board has entered the "hundreds of times" of the reporting enterprises.

Among the currently accepted science and technology board application companies, the largest proportion is in the information industry. The three major companies are “computer, communications and other electronics manufacturing”, “software and information services”, and “internet and related services”. 44 companies, accounting for 44% of the accepting enterprises. This set of figures shows that in China's new economic structure, next-generation information technologies, such as cloud computing, big data, and new-generation communication technologies, are becoming the core driving force for the comprehensive upgrading of China's industries represented by industrial interconnection and intelligent manufacturing.

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology pushes telecommunications business management system is expected to issue new certificates

Recently, there are media reports that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will gradually roll out a comprehensive telecommunications industry market management information system in order to optimize the application, change and filing process of value-added telecommunications business licenses.

It is reported that the integrated management information system for the telecommunications industry market will uniformly manage the data of enterprises that possess the "Cross-regional Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation Permit" and those holding the Provincial Communications Administration's "Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation Permit." Enterprises can apply for, change, record, annual check and statistics on enterprise licenses through the management system.

According to the reporter's understanding, the application for the "Cross-regional Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation Permit" must be reviewed and approved by the State Council's competent information industry department, and the "Value-added Telecommunications Business Operation Permit" must be reviewed and approved by the telecommunications management agencies of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. The "Value-added Telecommunications Business License" has been suspended since 2009.

According to analysis of relevant persons, the introduction of the comprehensive management information system for the telecommunications industry market is a further standardization of the current telecommunications value-added service market by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, which will effectively clean up a group of unlicensed operating enterprises. Another purpose may also be to prepare for a new round of ISP license issuance. If the speculation is true, then the news that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will issue a new round of ISP certificates will be confirmed. (Source: China IDC Circle)

Cloud computing output value will reach 200 billion after 3 years

中国云产业发展国家级规划已获国务院批准,近期将发布。 The reporter recently learned from the Ministry of Science and Technology that the national plan for the development of the " China Cloud " industry that has received much attention has been approved by the State Council and will be released soon.

产业革命。 Authoritative agencies predict that cloud computing is expected to become the fourth IT industry revolution after mainframe computers, personal computers, and the Internet. 亿元。 The output value scale of China's cloud computing industry chain in the next three years will reach 200 billion yuan.

Global compound annual growth rate may reach 28%

十二五专项规划》。 Director Zhao Yuhai, director of the High-tech Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology, said that the Ministry of Science and Technology and other departments organized major national science and technology projects to promote the development of cloud computing technology and industry, and formulated the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan for China's Cloud Science and Technology Development."

产业革命。 The research report of the Ministry of Science and Technology pointed out that cloud computing will become the fourth IT industry revolution. Cloud computing is an Internet-based supercomputing model. It evolved from three steps: grid computing, public computing, and software services. It represents the next generation of Internet computing and the next generation of data centers. 的复合年增长率迅速扩张。 According to the prediction of relevant agencies, the global cloud computing market will expand rapidly at a compound annual growth rate of 28% .

(互联网数据中心)推算,未来三年全球云计算领域将有8000亿美元的新业务收入。 According to the international authority IDC (Internet Data Center), it is estimated that in the next three years, there will be USD 800 billion in new business revenue in the global " cloud computing " field. 巨头竞相进入云计算领域,它们看到的是未来巨大的市场规模以及由此带来的产业光明前景。 At present, global IT giants are racing to enter the field of " cloud computing " . What they see is the huge market size and the bright future of the industry brought by this.

Support funds rolling for three consecutive years

The National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology recently approved national special funds to support cloud computing demonstration applications. 个云计算试点城市,精心遴选了12个重点项目,支持资金规模高达15亿元。 It is reported that the three ministries and commissions have carefully selected 12 key projects for five cloud computing pilot cities, and supported a scale of up to 1.5 billion yuan.

Behind the specific projects is the grand vision of the state to support the cloud computing industry and cultivate leading cloud computing service companies. 家左右在全国范围内用户规模千万以上,年收入超50亿元的云计算龙头企业,使云计算产业链的产值规模达到2000亿元。 After three years of efforts, develop a batch of cloud computing service demonstration applications for smart cities, smart transportation, medical and health, and small and medium-sized enterprises, and form a group of key technologies and products that are safe and controllable to meet the needs of key areas. The technology system has fostered about 10 leading cloud computing companies nationwide with a user scale of more than 10 million and an annual revenue of more than 5 billion yuan, so that the output value scale of the cloud computing industry chain reaches 200 billion yuan.

The reporter learned that these projects are mainly implemented in a number of application areas related to national economy and people's livelihood, such as food safety and SME services. 家企业或1万个个人用户。 In addition, according to the regulations, the applicant of this demonstration project should have a clear operating entity and successfully implement market-oriented operations. The business promotion model is clear and feasible. The system service will cover no less than 500 enterprises or 10,000 after completion. personal user.

三部委今年对项目的扶持资金将达数千万级,连续三年滚动,其中部分项目补贴金额合计将超过5000万元,三部委还对项目设立了具体的考核指标。 ”(来源:比特网) A person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology disclosed: "The three ministries and commissions will support tens of millions of projects this year, rolling for three consecutive years, and the total amount of subsidies for some projects will exceed 50 million yuan. "( Source: BitNet )

Seven Nirvana: Keep Your Computer Room Server System Safe

技术的革新,各种病毒层出不穷,黑客们的花招也越来越多。 With the innovation of IT technology, all kinds of viruses emerge, and the hackers' tricks are increasing. Servers in the relatively open environment of the Internet are at greater risk than before. More and more server attacks, server security vulnerabilities, and potential commercial espionage threaten server security. Server security issues are receiving increasing attention. You never want to see your server under attack, and the important data on it will fall into the wrong hands!

How do we fail to secure the server? . Below I will provide you with seven tips for maintaining the security of your server.

Server Security Tip 1: Start with the basics and install system patches in a timely manner

还是Linux ,任何操作系统都有漏洞,及时的打上补丁避免漏洞被蓄意攻击利用,是服务器安全最重要的保证之一。 No matter whether it is Windows or Linux , any operating system has vulnerabilities, and timely patching to prevent vulnerabilities from being used by intentional attacks is one of the most important guarantees for server security.

Server Security Tip 2: Install and Set Up a Firewall

There are many hardware or software based firewalls, and many security vendors have also launched related products. For server security, installing a firewall is necessary. A firewall has a good preventive effect against illegal access, but installing a firewall does not mean that the server is secure. After installing the firewall, you need to configure the firewall appropriately to achieve the best protection effect according to your network environment.

Server Security Tip 3: Install Network Antivirus Software

Viruses on the Internet are very rampant. This requires installing a network version of anti-virus software on the network server to control the spread of the virus. At the same time, in the use of network anti-virus software, the anti-virus software must be regularly or timely upgraded, and the virus is automatically updated every day. Library.

Server Security Tip # 4: Close Unneeded Services and Ports

When the server operating system is installed, it will start some unnecessary services, which will consume system resources and increase system security risks. 等。 For servers that will not be used for a period of time, you can completely shut down; for servers to be used during the period, you should also shut down unnecessary services, such as Telnet . 端口。 In addition, you need to close TCP ports that are not necessary.

Server security tip five: Make regular backups of your server

To prevent unforeseen system failures or accidental illegal operation by the user, the system must be backed up securely. In addition to the monthly backup of the entire system, the modified data should also be backed up weekly. At the same time, the important system files that have been modified should be stored on different servers so that when a system crash occurs (usually a hard disk error), the system can be restored to the normal state in a timely manner.

Server Security Tip # 6: Account and Password Protection

Account and password protection can be said to be the first line of defense for server systems. At present, most online attacks on server systems begin by intercepting or guessing passwords. Once a hacker enters the system, the previous defense measures are almost useless, so managing the account and password of the server system administrator is a very important measure to ensure system security.

Server Security Tip Seven: Monitor System Logs

By running the system log program, the system will record all users' use of the system, including the latest login time, the account used, and the activities performed. The log program will generate reports on a regular basis. By analyzing the reports, you can know whether there are any abnormalities.

in conclusion

Server security is a big issue. If you don't want important data to be destroyed by viruses or hackers, or even stolen by people who might use this data to deal with you, then the security tips introduced in this article may help you. Do you have another trick for server security? Quickly leave your footprints for everyone to learn! 来源: CIO时代网) ( Source: CIO Times Network )

"Broadband China" Program Announces Twelfth Five-Year Investment in September

15日消息,据媒体报道,国家发改委等八部委正在联合研究起草宽带中国战略实施方案, 十二五期间宽带网络基础设施累计投资16000亿元。 According to media reports, according to media reports, the National Development and Reform Commission and other eight ministries and commissions are jointly studying and drafting the implementation plan of the " Broadband China Strategy " . During the " Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, the cumulative investment in broadband network infrastructure was 1.6 trillion yuan. 月对外公布。 The implementation plan is expected to be submitted to the State Council in the second half of the year and announced in September .

十二五期间宽带网络基础设施累计投资16000亿元,其中宽带接入网投资5700亿元。 According to relevant sources, the implementation plan being drafted proposes that the cumulative investment in broadband network infrastructure during the " Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period will be 1.60 billion yuan, of which 570 billion will be invested in broadband access networks. 年,要实现宽带接入用户2.5亿户。 By 2015 , 250 million broadband access users will be realized. 年,具有国际先进水平的宽带、融合、安全、泛在的信息技术设施将覆盖城乡。 By 2020 , internationally advanced broadband, convergence, security, and ubiquitous information technology facilities will cover urban and rural areas.

At the same time, the plan also clearly fosters and develops new applications such as e-commerce, digital music, mobile payment, location services, e-books, online application stores, and network service outsourcing; supports integration in mobile Internet, cloud computing, Internet of Things, and triple play Realize business innovation in areas such as applications to drive the development of broadband networks.

This year, the state has significantly increased its support for broadband development. 宽带中国战略实施方案研究制定工作。 Earlier this year, leaders of the State Council gave instructions to speed up the research and development of the implementation plan of the Broadband China Strategy.

月,国家发展改革委、工业和信息化部会同财政部、科技部、住房城乡建设部、国资委、税务总局、广电总局等八部门共同组织成立了宽带中国战略研究工作小组及专家组。 In March this year, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, the State Administration of Taxation, and the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, and other eight departments jointly established a " Broadband China Strategy " research working group and Expert group. 宽带中国战略实施方案,包括总体思路、发展目标、路线图、时间表和政策措施等。 Research and formulate the implementation plan of the " Broadband China Strategy " , including the overall thinking, development goals, roadmap, timetable, and policy measures.

According to reports, the working group will form a draft of the implementation plan in the first half of the year, solicit opinions from relevant departments, enterprises and experts on the implementation plan and improve it. 月份形成送审稿。 Based on this, the opinions of the department were solicited again, and after being revised and improved and reviewed by the working group, a draft for review was formed in June .

宽带中国发展的主管部门,工信部对十二五期间国内宽带发展有着明确的目标。 As the competent authority for the development of " Broadband China " , the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has clear goals for domestic broadband development during the " Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period. 年,要实现宽带接入用户2.5亿户,在宽带接入能力上,城市家庭平均达到20兆以上,农村平均达到4兆以上。 Miao Wei, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, has previously stated that by 2015 , 250 million broadband access users will be realized. In terms of broadband access capabilities, the average urban households will reach more than 20 trillion, and the rural average will reach more than 4 trillion. 年,我国将新增FTTH (光纤到户)覆盖家庭超过3500万户,使用4M及以上宽带接入产品的用户超过50% ,新增固定宽带接入互联网家庭超过2000万户。 In 2012 , China will add FTTH (fiber-to-the-home) coverage to more than 35 million households, more than 50% of users using 4M and above broadband access products, and more than 20 million households with fixed broadband access to the Internet. 年,具有国际先进水平的宽带信息技术设施将覆盖城乡。 By 2020 , internationally advanced broadband information technology facilities will cover urban and rural areas.

宽带中国战略的实施, 330日,工信部宽带普及提速工程动员部署大会。 In order to promote the implementation of the " Broadband China " strategy, on March 30 , the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology mobilized the " Broadband Popularization and Acceleration Project " to mobilize the deployment conference. The meeting proposed the implementation of urban fiber-to-the-family home entry, rural broadband entry into the village, village public access plan, broadband use experience improvement plan, broadband application innovation demonstration plan, SME broadband application improvement plan, and industrial base broadband capacity improvement plan. , And high-performance broadband access products to support the eight plans. 覆盖家庭超过3500万户,使用4M及以上宽带接入产品的用户超过50% ,新增固定宽带接入互联网家庭超过2000万户,并扩大公共热点区域无线局域网覆盖规模。 And this year's target, more than 35 million households will be added to FTTH , more than 50% of users will use 4M and above broadband access products, more than 20 million households will be added with fixed broadband access to the Internet, and wireless LAN coverage in public hotspots will be expanded. .

宽带中国工程。 At the same time, for the first time, the State Council explicitly proposed to accelerate the " Broadband China " project at its executive meeting. Last week, the State Council convened an executive meeting to study and deploy information advancement and ensure information security. 宽带中国工程,加快信息网络宽带化升级,推进城镇光纤到户,实现行政村宽带普遍服务。 The meeting stated that it is necessary to implement the " Broadband China " project, accelerate the broadband upgrade of information networks, promote fiber-to-the-home in cities and towns, and achieve universal broadband services in administrative villages. 来源:通信产业网) ( Source: Communication Industry Network )

No substantial progress in domestic telecommunications law

ICT深度观察大型报告会上,工信部电信院知识产权主任续俊旗表示: 中国电信(微博)立法方面没有实质性进展,传统的电信法律制度也没有太大变化,更没有新的立法计划At the "2012 ICT In- depth Observation Large-scale Report Conference " held today, Xu Junqi, Director of Intellectual Property of the Ministry of Industry and Telecommunications, said: " There has been no substantial progress in China Telecom (Weibo) legislation, and the traditional telecommunications legal system is not much. Changes, there is no new legislative plan. "

Xu Junqi said that from the perspective of the development of laws and regulations, most countries have carried out legislative activities on telecommunications laws, mainly focusing on promoting competition in the telecommunications market and protecting consumer interests. China ’s legislative work on radio and communications security legislation also has some progress. However, China has not made any substantial progress in telecommunications legislation, the traditional telecommunications legal system has not changed much, and there is no new legislative plan.

多头监管的窘境依然存在,《电信法》从1980年提案至今历经31年,而电信业的主要法律依据还是电信管理条例而没有《电信法》,从这一点来说,电信业的监管体制很薄弱。 It is understood that despite undergoing four reforms and reorganizations, the dilemma of " multiple regulation " in the domestic telecommunications industry still exists. The "Telecommunications Law" has been in motion for 31 years since its proposal in 1980 , and the main legal basis for the telecommunications industry is the " Telecommunications Management Regulations ". Without the Telecommunications Law, the regulatory system for the telecommunications industry is weak in this regard.

年英国、美国、日本等国家开始探讨增加电信监管机构对互联网进行监管的权利。 In stark contrast to the slow development of the domestic "Telecommunications Law", in 2011 Britain, the United States, Japan and other countries began to explore ways to increase the right of telecommunications regulators to regulate the Internet. Not only began to attach importance to the development of broadband infrastructure, but also proposed to revise management rules to adapt to the development of spectrum technology.

年底,欧盟16个成员国尚未按时完全转化欧盟电信指令为国内法。 However, the EU's telecommunications legislation is not optimistic. It is reported that as of the end of 2011 , the 16 member states of the EU had not fully converted the EU telecommunications directive into domestic law on time. 来源:飞象网) ( Source: Flying Elephant Network )

Ministry of Industry and Information Technology drafts industry standards for data centers

On February 16th, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officially announced on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology the solicitation of the first batch of standards revision plans for the communications industry this year. In the column. As a value-added telecommunications business, Internet data center IDC is an "industry" in China that needs to apply for a business license, but the license has been suspended for almost three years.

As a basic application service of the Internet industry, since 1997, every round of the Internet industry boom driven by venture capital in China will indirectly promote the prosperity of the IDC industry. Although China's Internet has been developing rapidly in terms of network scale, user scale, and business scale, the Internet Data Center (IDC), which is an important Internet infrastructure, has been in a state of small scale, high energy consumption, and low technology level.
International standards organizations such as TGG and IEEE have conducted research on IDC-related technologies. However, China ’s IDC industry is seriously lacking in “standards”. There is an urgent need to regulate IDC ’s technology, services, and operation and maintenance management from a standards perspective to promote the industry. Healthy development. It is reported that the formulation of this industry standard will study "Internet data center network and information security, addressing, and service quality requirements, and propose a hierarchical system for Internet data centers to apply to the planning, design, construction, Operations and Evaluation. "
The data center is also a cloud computing hyperscale server cluster environment. According to a statistic, there are about 500,000 large and small data centers in China, more than 70% of which have a history of more than 10 years. There is a certain gap in energy efficiency design, optimization of computing resource allocation, and scheduling. Adapt to the requirements of network bandwidth, storage capacity, and computing power in the era of cloud computing.
However, the formulation of the communications industry standards has also objectively pushed China's cloud computing to become more standardized. Although cloud computing standards have long been heard in Chinese academic circles, considering the non-technical factors similar to those in the "three-network integration" field, "Industry management", the communications and electronics industries are still continuing to implement historically formed regulations.
The technical requirements of the data center as an "information infrastructure" will also provide an evaluation perspective on the cloud real estate plans in various places or undertake the blueprint of an international cloud computing outsourcing center style, preventing "the goal is to build an international cloud computing center, and as a result, it will objectively become a power export "Variant. Taking the foreign standard TIA-942 "Data Center Communication Facilities Standard" as an example, the energy requirements have challenged the reality of the domestic power industry, which not only includes the cost problem caused by the number of diesel generators for data center reliability There is also the possibility of pollution to the grid without being allowed by the grid company. And the relevant industry organizations in the United States are developing guidelines for data center energy consumption "greening" is to give priority to the use of light energy efficiency.
Yuan Meng, Vice President of Shenzhen Cloud Computing Industry Association, said: "The core technologies of cloud computing and high-performance computing that have been proposed by the National Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Scientific and Technological Development have formed the" China Cloud "overall based on independent core technologies. The technical solution and construction standards have finally taken the first step. However, it seems that there is no consensus on 'building a national-level cloud computing platform'. Cultivation and development of cloud computing applications and service industries can only be explored by various departments, localities, and enterprises. . I am very glad to see that Huawei announced on 17th this month that it has reached a strategic cooperation with the National Information Center on the co-construction of the “E-government Engineering Innovation Center”. The combination of desktop clouds promotes paperless office and innovative e-government construction and application and service model news. "
The significance of the need to upgrade the data center as a back-end technology is unacceptable. President Yuan Meng believes that the final implementation of cloud computing in China still depends on the implementation of the "desktop cloud". The increase and decrease of functions has brought a great impact (or impact) to the traditional thinking mode of the global IT industry. It is obvious that the government office does not need all the system functions in the commercial software package. Lack of some commonly used system functions. The most direct value that cloud computing brings to users is the minimization of costs. The concept of the 'Remixing' model is: everything is for the user's actual needs (that is, the minimum requirements are sufficient). At work During official business hours, it is not normal for civil servants to play games and QQ. "(Source: China Sankei Shimbun)
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